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  • Writer's picturePeter Lamont, Esq.

Negligence Explained: Protecting Your Rights and Understanding Your Duties

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Negligence is a term often used in legal circles but can be confusing to those who are not familiar with its implications. Let us dive into what negligence is, explore its elements, discuss what it means if you are sued for negligence, and outline the steps you should take if faced with a negligence lawsuit.

I. What is Negligence?

Negligence is a failure to take proper care in doing something, leading to injury or damage to another person. It is one of the essential bases of liability in tort law, designed to protect individuals from careless or reckless actions by others.

II. The Elements of Negligence

To establish negligence, a plaintiff must prove four key elements:

Duty of Care: The defendant must have a legal responsibility to act in a certain way towards the plaintiff.

Breach of Duty: The defendant must have acted (or failed to act) in a way that breaches that duty.

Causation: There must be a direct cause-and-effect relationship between the defendant's breach and the plaintiff's harm.

Damages: The plaintiff must have suffered actual harm as a result of the defendant's actions.

III. Being Sued for Negligence

If you are sued for negligence, it means that another party believes that your failure to exercise reasonable care has caused them harm. Being sued for negligence can have serious ramifications, both financially and reputation-wise. It can lead to compensation awards, legal costs, and even affect your ability to secure future business or employment.

IV. What Should You Do if You Are Sued for Negligence?

Do Not Panic: It is essential to remain calm and collected, understanding that a lawsuit is a legal process that requires careful navigation.

Contact an Attorney: An experienced attorney will be able to analyze your specific situation and develop a legal strategy tailored to your needs.

Gather Evidence: Collect all documents, communications, or any other evidence related to the allegations.

Avoid Direct Communication with the Plaintiff: Any statements you make could be used against you in court. Allow your attorney to handle all communications.

Prepare for Legal Proceedings: Be ready to participate in hearings, depositions, and possibly a trial. Trust your legal team to guide you through this process.


Negligence can be a complex and multifaceted issue. Whether you are an individual seeking to understand your rights or a business navigating the potential pitfalls of liability, knowing the ins and outs of negligence can be vital. By understanding the core elements, recognizing the implications of being sued for negligence, and knowing the steps to take if faced with a lawsuit, you can better navigate the often confusing legal landscape.

Remember, legal matters such as negligence should be handled with the assistance of a qualified attorney. The information provided here is a general overview and should not be considered legal advice for your specific situation.

Do you have questions about civil litigation or defending a lawsuit? If so, contact us today at our Bergen County Office. Call Us at (201) 904-2211 or email Us at


If you would like more information about this post or if you want to discuss your legal matter with an attorney at the Law Offices of Peter J. Lamont, please contact me at or at (201) 904-2211. Don't forget to check out and subscribe to our podcast and YouTube channel. We have hundreds of podcasts and videos concerning a variety of business and legal topics. I look forward to answering any questions that you might have.

About Peter Lamont, Esq.

DISCLAIMER: The contents of this website and post are intended to convey general information only and not to provide legal advice or opinions. The contents of this website and the posting and viewing of the information on this website should not be construed as, and should not be relied upon for, legal or tax advice in any particular circumstance or fact situation. Nothing on this website is an offer to represent you, and nothing on this website is intended to create an attorney‑client relationship. An attorney-client relationship may only be established through direct attorney‑to‑client communication that is confirmed by the execution of an engagement agreement.

As with any legal issue, it is important that you obtain competent legal counsel before making any decisions about how to respond to a subpoena or whether to challenge one - even if you believe that compliance is not required. Because each situation is different, it may be impossible for this article to address all issues raised by every situation encountered in responding to a subpoena. The information below can give you guidance regarding some common issues related to subpoenas, but you should consult with an attorney before taking any actions (or refraining from acts) based on these suggestions. Separately, this post will focus on New Jersey law. If you receive a subpoena in a state other than New Jersey, you should immediately seek the advice of an attorney in your state, as certain rules differ in other states.


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