top of page


  • Writer's picturePeter Lamont, Esq.

The Father Justin AI Experiment: A Case Study in AI Negligence


AI Negligence


The Father Justin AI experiment, initiated by Catholic Answers, was designed as a digital tool to answer questions using an AI-generated priest character. Launched on April 23, 2024, the project quickly faced controversy and criticism due to concerns about the appropriateness of a virtual priest and the potential for misunderstanding in its interactions, such as simulating sacraments like confession. Within days, amid increasing feedback and backlash, the organization decided to replace Father Justin with a non-clerical character named "Justin." They plan to maintain the app's educational purpose but have removed the priestly persona.

Father Justin's Misdeeds

The AI-generated priest character was allegedly simulating sacraments like confession, which are typically performed by ordained priests. This raised concerns about the potential for spiritual misguidance and the emotional impact on users who might have believed they were interacting with an authentic representation of a priest. The AI's responses and actions in these sensitive religious contexts were seen as inappropriate and misleading, as it lacked the authority and qualifications to provide such spiritual guidance.

In one of the most controversial interactions reported about the Father Justin AI, the chatbot was asked if it was acceptable to baptize a baby using Gatorade. The AI allegedly responded that using Gatorade for baptism was permissible in cases of necessity, such as when water was not available. This response contradicted traditional Catholic teachings, which state that baptism, a sacred sacrament, must be performed using water and is typically administered by an ordained priest or deacon. The idea that a sports drink could serve as a substitute for water in this holy ritual was seen as a blatant misrepresentation of Catholic beliefs and a clear demonstration of the AI's lack of understanding of religious doctrine.

Father Justin AI Negligence

Understanding Negligence

Negligence is a legal concept that arises when an individual or entity fails to exercise reasonable care, resulting in harm or damage to another party. To establish negligence, four key elements must be proven:

  1. Duty of Care: The defendant owed a legal duty to the plaintiff.

  2. Breach of Duty: The defendant breached that duty by acting or failing to act in a certain way.

  3. Causation: The defendant's actions or inactions caused an injury or harm to the plaintiff.

  4. Damages: The plaintiff suffered actual damages as a result of the defendant's actions or inactions.

Applying Negligence to the Father Justin AI Case

Disclaimer: There is no known ongoing litigation concerning the Father Justin AI case. The analysis provided below is a hypothetical exploration of negligence principles as they might apply to AI developers in the context of this case. This discussion is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or a commentary on any existing legal proceedings.

In considering the legal implications of the Father Justin AI case, particularly regarding negligence, several key points arise:

Duty of Care

Arguably, AI developers, like those behind Father Justin, have a duty to ensure their creations do not mislead users or misrepresent sensitive and significant roles, such as that of a priest. They must exercise reasonable care in designing, developing, and deploying AI systems to avoid potential harm to users.

Breach of Duty

If an AI incorrectly performs tasks that could have a significant emotional or spiritual impact, this could be seen as a breach of the expected duty of care. In the case of Father Justin, the AI's ability to simulate sacraments like confession, which are typically performed by ordained priests, could be considered a breach of duty. The developers failed to ensure that the AI system was not misrepresenting or overstepping its intended purpose.

Causation and Damage

To claim negligence, it must be shown that the breach caused harm. In the case of Father Justin, potential spiritual misguidance could be a form of harm. If users relied on the AI's responses or actions, believing it to be an authentic representation of a priest, they might have experienced emotional distress, spiritual confusion, or other forms of harm.

Future Implications and Considerations

As AI continues to advance and integrate into various aspects of society, the landscape of AI-related negligence lawsuits is likely to become more complex. Future legislation might need to address specific roles that AI can and cannot undertake, especially in sensitive areas like religion, healthcare, and law. It will be crucial for AI developers to implement rigorous training and ethical guidelines to mitigate risks and for legal frameworks to evolve to provide clear pathways for accountability and redress.

The Father Justin AI case highlights the importance of responsible AI development and deployment, particularly in sensitive domains. This case could influence future legal standards and practices in AI development, encouraging developers to prioritize user safety, transparency, and ethical considerations.


The Father Justin AI experiment demonstrates the complexities and potential risks associated with deploying AI in sensitive roles, such as religious guidance. The case underscores the need for AI developers to exercise a high level of care and responsibility in designing and deploying AI systems to avoid potential harm to users. As AI continues to evolve and integrate into various aspects of society, it is crucial for legal frameworks to adapt and provide clear guidelines for accountability and negligence in the context of AI. The Father Justin case serves as a cautionary tale and a catalyst for further discussion and development of responsible AI practices.


Contact us today to discuss your business or legal matter. Put our 20+ years of legal experience to work for you.


For detailed insights and legal assistance on topics discussed in this post, including litigation, contact the Law Offices of Peter J. Lamont at our Bergen County Office. We're here to answer your questions and provide legal advice. Contact us at (201) 904-2211 or email us at

Interested in More Legal Insights?

Explore our range of resources on business and legal matters. Subscribe to our podcast and YouTube channel for a wealth of information covering various business and legal topics. For specific inquiries or to discuss your legal matter with an attorney from our team, please email me directly at or call at (201) 904-2211. Your questions are important to us, and we look forward to providing the answers you need.

Peter J. Lamont is a Top-Rated New Jersey Business Attorney

About Peter J. Lamont, Esq.

Peter J. Lamont is a nationally recognized attorney with significant experience in business, contract, litigation, and real estate law. With over two decades of legal practice, he has represented a wide array of businesses, including large international corporations. Peter is known for his practical legal and business advice, prioritizing efficient and cost-effective solutions for his clients.

Peter has an Avvo 10.0 Rating and has been acknowledged as one of America's Most Honored Lawyers since 2011. 201 Magainze and Lawyers of Distinction have also recognized him for being one of the top business and litigation attorneys in New Jersey. His commitment to his clients and the legal community is further evidenced by his active role as a speaker, lecturer, and published author in various legal and business publications.

As the founder of the Law Offices of Peter J. Lamont, Peter brings his Wall Street experience and client-focused approach to New Jersey, offering personalized legal services that align with each client's unique needs and goals​.


DISCLAIMERS: The contents of this website and post are intended to convey general information only and not to provide legal advice or opinions. The contents of this website and the posting and viewing of the information on this website should not be construed as, and should not be relied upon for, legal or tax advice in any particular circumstance or fact situation. Nothing on this website is an offer to represent you, and nothing on this website is intended to create an attorney‑client relationship. An attorney-client relationship may only be established through direct attorney‑to‑client communication that is confirmed by the execution of an engagement agreement.

As with any legal issue, it is important that you obtain competent legal counsel before making any decisions about how to respond to a subpoena or whether to challenge one - even if you believe that compliance is not required. Because each situation is different, it may be impossible for this article to address all issues raised by every situation encountered in responding to a subpoena. The information below can give you guidance regarding some common issues related to subpoenas, but you should consult with an attorney before taking any actions (or refraining from acts) based on these suggestions. Separately, this post will focus on New Jersey law. If you receive a subpoena in a state other than New Jersey, you should immediately seek the advice of an attorney in your state, as certain rules differ in other states.

Disclaimer: Recognition by Legal Awards

The legal awards and recognitions mentioned above are not an endorsement or a guarantee of future performance. These honors reflect an attorney's past achievements and should not be considered as predictors of future results. They are not intended to compare one lawyer's services with other lawyers' services. The process for selecting an attorney for these awards can vary and may not include a review of the lawyer's competence in specific areas of practice. Potential clients should perform their own evaluation when seeking legal representation. No aspect of this advertisement has been approved by the Supreme Court of New Jersey.



Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
bottom of page